Le Corbusier was a Swiss-born French architect who belonged to the first generation of the so-called International school of architecture. He is renowned in the world of Architecture and his 5 points of architecture formed the basis for a lot of the designs he created. His designs are known to provide an increased level of natural light that researchers demonstrated to have a positive impact on our well-being.

His obsession with reinforced concrete and ideas on how towns should be developed have made Le Corbusier a highly controversial figure in the architectural world for decades.

Nevertheless, his brutalist buildings and philosophies about urban planning have had a significant impact on 20th Century architecture, influencing towns and cities across the world.

Villa Savoye, Poissy-sur-Seine, France

Villa Savoye is designed according to Le Corbusier’s ‘Five Points of Architecture’ manifesto. In line with this philosophy, the house is supported by a grid of slender load-bearing concrete columns — also known as pilotis — instead of traditional walls. These allowed Le Corbusier to create an airy, open-plan interior and incorporate continuous horizontal windows on all four walls of the façade, increasing natural light levels throughout. The building is capped by a lush roof-top garden, boosting useable space and providing additional protection for the flat roof from the elements.  

Chapelle Notre-Dame-du-Haut, Ronchamp, France

Just like its sibling the Villa Savoye, Chapelle Notre-Dame-du-Haut makes use of load-bearing columns concealed in its concrete exterior walls to support the weight of its heavy, sail-like roof. This ingenious design creates a continuous, overstorey window around all four walls, filling the interior with sunlight whatever the time of day. In addition, the walls are all gently curved, further strengthening the structure without the need for buttresses, which would disrupt the lines of the façade.  

Palace of Assembly, Chandigarh, India

With the upturned curve of its monumental portico, the Palace of Assembly is the most prominent of the buildings designed by Le Corbusier for Chandigarh, the new state capital of the Punjab and India’s first planned city. Again, Le Corbusier’s Five Points can be found throughout the design, including a grid of supporting pilotis, large windows offering spectacular views of the Himalayas in the distance, and an open-plan interior disrupted only by the circular assembly.

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